Occupational Therapy

occupation-therapyOccupational Therapy uses the application of purposeful, goal-directed activity in the evaluation and treatment of persons whose functional abilities are impaired. The occupational therapy service is oriented toward improving function in a broad range of daily living skills and improving sensorimotor and cognitive components to allow for a safe and optimal discharge. Because of the complex and varied deficits in geriatric population, treatment, intervention and focus is variable. This may include evaluation and treatment of feeding, self-care skills, home management, work and leisure skills, upper extremity management, positioning and splinting, functional mobility, visual impairment, cognitive skills, driving, and other community re-entry issues.

A specific look at the self-care evaluation and treatment includes:

  • Eating: Self-feeding skills such as the ability to use eating utensils, open containers, cut foods using adaptive feeding equipment, and cognitive/perceptual problems affecting safety with eating.
  • Grooming: Ability to brush teeth, wash face, shave, apply deodorant, and comb hair, including identification of equipment, adaptations, or compensatory strategies.
  • Bathing: Ability to safely complete shower or sponge bath including gathering of supplies, and identification of equipment, adaptations, or compensatory strategies.
  • Dressing: Ability to select clothing and put on and take off shirt, slacks, undergarments, shoes, socks, and orthotics and prosthetics.
  • Toileting: Ability to manage clothing and hygienic care during toileting, including identification of equipment, compensatory strategies, or adaptations.
  • Tub/Toilet Transfers: Ability to transfer from the wheelchair or standing position to tub, shower chair, and toilet. This includes identification of equipment needs, compensatory strategies, and safety concerns.